Neurotechnology is defined as medical electronics that interact with the human nervous system. For a more in-depth definition, view this description of the technology.

The directory accessed from the main menu is organized by condition or application. You will see listings such as Multiple Sclerosis or Pain Management, for instance. These are education pages specifically those interested in a specific neurological condition or human application.

Each device or therapy listed in above referenced pages are categorized within the neurotechnology field, such as neuroprosthetics, neural re-education or vagus nerve stimulation. These may be new terms but don’t worry. This page provides a description of the different categories and what they mean, provided by our academic and association partners.

Keep in mind, some products may fit into more than one category.

Neurotech Device Category Listings

Spinal Cord Stimulation – SCS

According to the International Neuromodulation Society, spinal cord stimulation involves placing a series of electrical contacts in the epidural space in the spine near the region that supplies nerves to the painful area. The procedure is a minimally invasive ambulatory surgical technique.

Learn more about this area, including who is a candidate, the expected results or risks and more, from our partners at Neuromodec. Click here to access this Spinal Cord Stimulation explanation page.

Spinal Cord Stimulation (SCS) application has typically been applied for pain management; however, the technology has expanded the applications to other area. Learn more from a listing from Dr. Simon Thomson, past president of INS, in his feature titled Spinal Cord Stimulation’s Role in Managing Chronic Disease Symptoms.

You may also Find a Specialist in Spinal Cord Stimulation from this search database from Neuromodec.

Deep Brain Stimulation – DBS

Referenced from the International Neuromodulation Society, Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) consists of a small device, similar to a pacemaker, that is surgically implanted to deliver electrical stimulation to targeted areas of the brain. This therapy is used to treat a variety of neurological symptoms, including symptoms related to essential tremor, Parkinson’s disease, obsessive compulsive disorder and epilepsy. DBS has also been investigated as a therapy in chronic pain, central pain syndrome, severe intractable depression, bipolar disorder, Tourette syndrome, stroke recovery, hypertension, Alzheimer’s disease, obesity, anorexia and addiction disorders.

Deep Brain Stimulation illustration

Here is a further explanation of Deep Brain Stimulation from our partners at Neuromodec.

Interested in finding a clinician who is familiar with DBS and its application? Click this area for the Find a Specialist from our partners at Neuromodec.

Vagus Nerve Stimulation – VNS

Vagus Nerve Stimulation is a form of stimulation whereby electricity is applied to the vagus nerve to modulate the central nervous system. The Vagus nerve is the 10th cranial nerve, which runs from the brainstem, through the neck, down to the abdomen.

Vagus Nerve Stimulation devices may be implanted or non-invasive devices. It has been available for some time particularly for the treatment of epilepsy. VNS has also been approved for treatment of migraine and cluster headaches, tinnitus, stroke rehabilitation and some cardiovascular disorders. The treatment is also being explored to treat multiple sclerosis, pain, depression, upper extremity rehabilitation and inflammatory conditions. To learn more about vagus nerve stimulation on the page provided by our partners at Neuromodec.

You can also follow this link to Find a Specialist familiar with vagus nerve stimulation.

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation TMS

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation is typically a clinical application used as non-invasive therapy for treatment resistant depression. The use of repetitive TMS or rTMS is available through a trained clinician. Typically, the recipient of the treatment will sit in a chair while the clinician places a butterfly coil over the specified area of the head. The coil delivers rapid pulses of magnetic fields to the brain. Visit the International Neuromodulation Society to view further explanations and referenced published research article.

TMS with butterfly coil

Our partners at Neuromodec also have an explanation of TMS treatment with diagrams. Visit their site here.

TMS has been approved in select areas in the world for the treatment of depression, migraine headache and chronic pain. It is under investigational use as a therapy for PTSD, stroke, OCD, Alzheimer’s disease and a variety of other brain conditions. Find devices for a specific condition by visiting our Directory of Conditions to see related neurotech applications and our custom database of devices.

You can also follow this link to Find a Specialist familiar with transcranial magnetic stimulation.

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation tDCS

Transcranial direct current stimulation or tDCS is a non-invasive stimulation application for the brain. The device uses two applied electrodes, one positive (anode) and one negative (cathode). These electrodes are placed on the head to stimulate neurons within the brain.

George & Aston-Jones, Nature, 2010.

tDCS is available from a variety of sources for direct consumer use, particularly for training for cognitive and motor learning. It is being investigated areas such as depression, addiction, epilepsy, pain, aphasia, ADHD and rehabilitation.

Transcranial Alternate Current Stimulation tACS

Transcranial Alternate Current Stimulation or tACS is similar to tDCS as a non-invasive brain stimulation device. tACS is different in that it uses an oscillating current. Devices in this category also stimulation neurons in the brain through electrodes placed on the scalp. Our partners at Neuromodec offer a detailed explanation of the tACS device.

tACS has many applications. Some devices have been FDA cleared for the treatment of insomnia, depression and anxiety. It is also being explored Parkinson’s disease, cognitive enhancement, memory recall and tinnitus.

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